3 types of moisturisers: Humectants, Emollients, Occlusives & how to use them

3 types of moisturisers: Humectants, Emollients, Occlusives & how to use them

Let's talk about: moisturisers.

Moisturisers are like your skin's BFF. Moisturisers help to keep your skin soft, smooth and hydrated. All skin care routines (even the most basic!) need moisturisers. But depending on your environment and skin type, your skin will likely require a combination of the 3 main kinds of moisturisers to keep it happy, healthy and radiant. 

What are the 3 types of moisturisers? 

Humectants, Emollients and Occlusives. 

Humectants aka Hydration Heroes

Humectants are like magnets for moisture, drawing water from the environment and deeper layers of the skin into the epidermis, keeping it hydrated and plump. These ingredients work wonders for all skin types, especially for those with dry or dehydrated skin.

Key Ingredients to Look For:

Hyaluronic Acid, Beta Glucans, Glycerin, Lactic Acid

Emollients aka Nourishing Nectars

Emollients work by filling in the gaps between skin cells, smoothing out rough patches and providing a protective barrier to prevent moisture loss. These rich, creamy ingredients are perfect for dry, rough, or flaky skin, leaving it silky soft and smooth.

Key Ingredients to Look For:

Ceramides, Squalane, Vitamin E, Carrier Oils

Occlusives aka The Protector

Occlusives form a protective seal over the skin, locking in moisture and preventing water loss through evaporation. These heavyweight ingredients are particularly beneficial for parched or sensitive skin, creating a shield against harsh environmental factors.

Key Ingredients to Look For:

Waxes (eg. Beeswax), Butters (eg. Shea Butter)

How do I use these 3 moisturisers in my skincare?

When it comes to incorporating these moisturisers into your skincare routine, the order of application and layering is key to maximising their benefits. Start with humectants, applying them to freshly cleansed skin. This allows them to draw moisture into the skin effectively. Follow up with emollients to nourish and soften the skin, sealing in the hydration provided by the humectants. Finally, finish with occlusives to create a protective barrier, locking in moisture and ensuring all the beneficial ingredients are absorbed deeply into the skin. By layering these moisturisers in the correct order, you can achieve optimal hydration, smoothness, and protection for your skin throughout the day.

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